always hard to beatAmazon Web ServicesWhen it comes to computing and storage services for cloud infrastructure. Add to that the ever-increasing need to store, restore, backup, and protect the massive amounts of data that organizations must deal with today, and no one gets it right quite like AWS.
Speaking of data services,Amazon EC2(elastic cloud computing) andAmazon S3(Simple Storage Service) are two key AWS tools that can help you improve operational efficiency in a number of ways. S3 is a lightweight service for storing data, while EC2 is a cloud-based web service that provides secure and resizable computing power.
This blog will help you understand the difference between AWS EC2 and AWS S3: what they are, how they work, features, advantages, disadvantages, use cases, similarities, differences, and more. So let's get started.
Table of contents
What is Amazon EC2?
AWS EC2It is a flexible and scalable computing power service provided in the AWS cloud. By using Amazon EC2, you no longer need to invest in upfront hardware, allowing you to develop and deploy applications faster. Additionally, you can start a virtual server with
- the best fit for your needs
- Configure Security and Networking
- manage storage
Learn More: The Complete GuideAmazon EC2
The service also allows for easy scaling up or down to meet changes in demand or popularity, reducing the need for traffic forecasting.
Features of AWS EC2
- EC2 enables you to scale computing capacity up or down as needed without making any changes to your infrastructure.
- You can easily start, stop, or terminate EC2 instances, which allows you to scale up or down as needed.
- EC2 offers a variety of instance types optimized for different use cases, including general-purpose, compute-optimized, memory-optimized, and storage-optimized.
- It also allows you to choose your preferred operating system, including Linux, Windows, and other platforms.
- EC2 provides several security features, such as firewalls, security groups, and access controls, to help protect your data and applications.
- It provides a variety of management options, including a web-based console, command-line interface, and API, allowing users to easily manage their instances.
- EC2 Auto Scaling helps you automatically scale instances in response to changes in demand, helping to maintain application performance while minimizing costs.
- EC2 integrates very easily with other AWS services such as Amazon S3, Amazon RDS, and Amazon Elastic Load Balancing to create powerful cloud-based applications.
How AWS EC2 works
Amazon EC2 allows you to launch virtual servers, also known as instances, in the cloud. You can choose from a range of instance types that vary in CPU, memory, storage, and networking capacity. You can also launch an instance using an AMI that includes the necessary software and operating system.
Once launched, you can securely access the instance using a key pair consisting of a public key stored in AWS and a private key stored in AWS. EC2 also offers several security features, such as firewalls, security groups, and access controls, to help protect data and applications.
Additionally, you can provision and manage instances through the AWS Management Console, CLI, and API. For command line interface users, two options are available:
- AWS Command Line Interface (CLI): Supports Windows, Mac, and Linux, and provides commands for various AWS products. Check out the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide to get started. For Amazon EC2 commands, see ec2 in the AWS CLI Command Reference.
- AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell: Provides commands for AWS products specifically for those who write scripts in the PowerShell environment. To get started, read the AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell User Guide. For Amazon EC2 cmdlets, see AWS Tools for PowerShell Cmdlet Reference.
Additionally, Amazon EC2 allows the creation of resources using AWS CloudFormation. You can create JSON or YAML templates that outline your AWS resources. CloudFormation, on the other hand, will provide and configure them for you. You can reuse these templates to create the same resource multiple times across different accounts and regions.
Use Cases for Amazon EC2
EC2 is primarily used for hosting applications, software, and websites in the cloud. You can even host games and easily manage servers as needed. EC2's dynamic and scalable environment allows computing power to scale with the needs of applications, ensuring the highest quality of service to end users. Netflix, Reddit, and Nintendo are good examples of successful EC2 hosting.
Disaster recovery and backup
Enterprises are leveraging EC2 for disaster recovery in both active and passive environments. Thanks to EC2's ability to start quickly in emergency situations, companies can achieve faster failover with minimal application downtime.
high performance computing
HPC needs are growing exponentially. EC2 provides dedicated virtual servers with high-performance networking and computing power for CPU-intensive tasks such as big data analysis. NASA and Pfizer use EC2 for JPL and HPC, respectively.
What is Amazon S3?
AWS S3is a top-tier object storage service that offers exceptional scalability, data protection, security, and speed. Users from different industries and sizes can store and protect their data for a variety of applications such as data lakes, websites, mobile apps, backups, archives, IoT devices and big data analytics. It has administrative features that allow you to customize, organize, and regulate data access to meet your company's needs, organizational goals, and regulatory standards.
read more:Amazon Glacier and S3- Compare
Features of AWS S3
- Amazon S3 is designed to automatically scale and grow as your storage needs increase, making it ideal for businesses of all sizes.
- It stores data in multiple availability zones, ensuring high availability and durability of data.
- AWS S3 provides multiple layers of security, including encryption, access control, and identity management, to keep your data safe and secure.
- It is optimized for high performance, low latency, and high throughput for fast data access.
- You can enjoy a range of storage classes including Standard, Infrequent Access and Glacier to meet different data storage needs and cost requirements.
- Amazon S3Has powerful management features, including version control, lifecycle policies, and cross-region replication, to help you manage and optimize data storage.
- It also integrates with a wide range of AWS services, including Amazon EC2, AWS Lambda, Amazon CloudFront, etc., making it easy to use with other AWS services.
How does AWS S3 work?
Amazon S3 is a storage service that stores data as objects in buckets. Objects consist of files and associated metadata, and buckets are containers for objects.
To store your data, you create a bucket and upload your data as objects with unique identifiers called keys. S3 provides customizable features such as versioning, which allows you to keep multiple object versions for backup and recovery.
Access to buckets and objects is restricted, and you need to specify permissions using bucket policies, IAM policies, ACLs, and S3 access points.
Use Cases for Amazon S3
backup file system
One of the top applications of Amazon S3 is backup. The storage solution guarantees 99.999999999% durability and ensures that each file is replicated three times across multiple data centers located in different regions. Thus, your important backup files will be safe from human error or natural disasters affecting entire regions.
Create a private local repository
You can leverage Amazon S3 to set up your personal local Git, Yum, or Maven repository. This can be useful when you want to simplify the process and avoid complex scripting. Instead of managing multiple servers, you can keep your master files in the cloud, use an S3 bucket as root, and commit via plugins like Jgit.
Improved file sharing
You can use Amazon S3 as an economical file sharing solution or as a network drive that integrates seamlessly into your environment. You can set ACL policies to allow specific users to access buckets and upload files for efficient collaboration. The second use case is slightly more complicated. It involves mounting an Amazon S3 bucket as a Windows external drive through tools such as MSP360 Drive for Amazon S3.
Can AWS S3 be used with AWS EC2?
Amazon S3 can be combined with EC2 for better data storage results. Amazon S3 is a fast, cheap, and reliable storage solution for web-scale computing. It allows you to store and retrieve data from anywhere on the web or in Amazon EC2. You can store data objects redundantly across multiple devices and facilities. This allows multiple clients or threads to have concurrent read or write access. This redundancy ensures fast and reliable recovery from instance or application failures.
Interestingly, Amazon EC2 stores AMIs on Amazon S3 to launch instances. If one instance fails, you can use the stored AMI to quickly spin up another instance, ensuring rapid recovery and uninterrupted business operations.
In addition, Amazon EC2 stores data volume backups or snapshots on Amazon S3 for fast and reliable recovery in the event of system failure. You can use these snapshots as a baseline to create new data volumes or expand the size of existing data volumes, and to move data volumes across multiple Availability Zones for highly scalable data usage.
Amazon EC2 vs. Amazon S3: What's the Difference?
Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3 may not always be used together. Amazon S3 is not suitable for storing constantly changing website data, such as server-side session data. Also, S3 bucket backups only transfer data stored in those buckets, so additional backup methods are required to back up data stored in EC2 instances. Apart from that, here are some differences between AWS EC2 and AWS S3.
|special||Amazon EC2||Amazon S3|
|definition||Provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud||Provides scalable object storage in the cloud|
|Example||Run applications and services on virtual machines||Store and retrieve any amount of data|
|data storage||Store operating system and application files||Store data objects such as documents, images, and videos|
|data access||Provides direct access to virtual machines||Provides web-based access to data objects|
|redundancy||Redundancy and failover must be manually configured||Redundancy is built in and managed automatically|
|cost||Billed by the hour of use, prices vary by instance type||Billed per GB of stored data, prices vary based on storage class and frequency of access|
|example||Runs web server, hosts database||Storing and Serving Files, Hosting Websites|
Amazon EC2 vs. Amazon S3: Which one is right for the enterprise?
Deciding between Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3 depends on the specific needs of your business. Amazon EC2 is ideal for running applications and services on virtual machines. At the same time, Amazon S3 is designed for storing and retrieving any amount of data, such as files, documents, images, videos, and backups.
If your business needs to host web servers or databases, or provide scalable computing power in the cloud, Amazon EC2 is the right choice. On the other hand, if your business needs to store large amounts of data, access it from anywhere on the web, or want to easily expand storage capacity, then Amazon S3 will be the right choice.
It is important to note that these two services can be used together to build highly scalable and fault-tolerant applications. Therefore, businesses can combine Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3 to fulfill their specific requirements. Ultimately, the decision between Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3 should be based on your business needs and specific use case.
Amazon EC2 vs. Amazon S3: Which Is Right for Your Career?
Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3 are both popular AWS services, but they serve different purposes and are used for different workloads. To determine which service is right for your career, you should consider your specific job role and workload type.
Role Types and Team Profiles for AWS EC2
- Border Network Team
- Network Control Plane Team
- Security Operations Team
- Business Intelligence Engineer
- Safety Engineer
- software development manager
Role Types and Team Profiles for AWS S3
- Software Development Engineer
- Technical Project Manager
- System Engineer/Administrator
- product manager
I hope this blog has given you a better understanding of how Amazon EC2 compares to Amazon S3. However, if you want to learn more about AWS EC2 and AWS S3, the best way to learn about them is through the AWS Hands-on Labs and Sandboxes.
WhizlabsBrings 42 hands-on labs to Amazon EC2 and 38 hands-on labs to S3. All of these labs are directed and purpose-built by domain experts. By working with these labs, you can put your theory into practice and understand the nuances of the real world. Another way is to try usingsandboxThe .sandbox lets you work and use EC2 and S3 tools in an isolated AWS environment. You can create, delete, update Auto Scaling groups, and host static websites and version control.
Want to learn more about AWS tools? Or looking to advance your skills with popular AWS cloud technologies? contact us.
- about the author
- more from the author
About Pavan Gumaste
Pavan Rao is a professional programmer/developer and cloud computing professional with in-depth knowledge of AWS, Azure, Google Cloud Platform. He helps organizations figure out what to build, ensure successful delivery, and incorporate user learning to further improve strategy and product.
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Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) and Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) are two major storage services for AWS. S3 is more lightweight and provides the capability to store data. EC2, on the other hand, is a web service that provides secure, resizable computing capacity in the cloud.Which AWS EC2 pricing model is the most cost effective and flexible? ›
Savings Plans is a flexible pricing model that can help you reduce your bill by up to 72% compared to On-Demand prices, in exchange for a commitment to a consistent amount of usage (measured in $/hour) for a 1- or 3-year term.Which Amazon instance type is best? ›
Storage Optimized instance type. The storage optimized AWS EC2 instance type provides the best storage capabilities for Amazon instances. It is common among Amazon users to attach an S3 bucket to an EC2 instance and use this bucket as storage.What is a benefit of Amazon EC2 compared to traditional servers? ›
It provides you with complete control of your computing resources and lets you run on Amazon's proven computing environment. EC2 reduces the time required to obtain and boot new server instances to minutes, allowing you to quickly scale capacity, both up and down, as your computing requirements change.What are the 3 types of EC2? ›
- General Purpose Instances.
- Compute Optimized Instances.
- Memory-Optimized Instances.
- Accelerated Computing Instances.
- Storage Optimized Instances.
Unlike classic cloud file storage services, Amazon S3 offers object-based storage, meaning that when you upload a file to its servers, it's converted into an “object.” Objects are similar to files, but they can store much more detailed metadata, which leads to better data organization and accurate deep searches.How much does EC2 cost per month? ›
For a one-year EC2 Instance Savings Plan with partial upfront payment, the On-Demand rate works out to $1,060 ($530 upfront then $44.15 per month). That works out to $0.121 per hour, a 37% discount versus the On-Demand price. Over a year, that's $622 in savings.Which EC2 instance is cost effective? ›
Save up to 90% on EC2 costs by using Spot Instances and save up to 72% with AWS Savings Plans. This is on top of the up to 10% cost saving you gain by rightsizing your workloads with AMD-based instances or the up to 20% lower cost by migrating to AWS Graviton2-based instances.Which Amazon EC2 purchasing options will be most cost effective? ›
- Request unused EC2 instances, which can reduce your Amazon EC2 costs significantly.
- Can get a discount of up to 90% compared to On-demand.
- You bid a price and get the instance as long as its under the price.
- Price varies based on offer and demand.
Using NICE DCV and Amazon EC2 G4 Instances, Netflix built remote workstations without having to choose between responsiveness and image quality. Learn how Netflix went from beta to launch in just 1 year, reducing technological and geographical barriers for artists while optimizing costs.
Type: General Purpose
General Purpose instances are the most widely used and are a good first step if you're new to AWS or cloud computing in general.
Fastest pace of innovation
And AWS built Amazon SageMaker, a fully managed machine learning service that empowers everyday developers and scientists to use machine learning–without any previous experience.
Disadvantages/Drawbacks of EC2
AWS imposes resource limits by default, which vary by region. You can only launch a certain number of instances per area. Hardware-level changes occur in your application, which may result in poor performance and usage of your applications.
- Elastic Web-Scale Computing. Amazon EC2 enables you to increase or decrease capacity within minutes, not hours or days. ...
- Completely Controlled. You have complete control of your instances including root access and the ability to interact with them as you would any machine. ...
- Flexible Cloud Hosting Services.
Amazon EC2 provides scalable computing capacity in the AWS cloud. Leveraging it enables organizations to develop and deploy applications faster, without needing to invest in hardware upfront. Users can launch virtual servers, configure security and networking, and manage cookies from an intuitive dashboard.Why use S3 instead of EC2? ›
Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3 are fundamentally different types of services. One allows you to run servers in the cloud with minimal effort on your part, while the other is designed for storing large amounts of static data and ideal for data backups.How do you use EC2 and S3? ›
- Create an IAM instance profile that grants access to Amazon S3. Open the IAM console. ...
- Attach the IAM instance profile to the EC2 instance. Open the Amazon EC2 console. ...
- Validate permissions on your S3 bucket. ...
- Validate network connectivity from the EC2 instance to Amazon S3. ...
- Validate access to S3 buckets.
Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) is an object storage service that offers industry-leading scalability, data availability, security, and performance. You can use Amazon S3 to store and retrieve any amount of data at any time, from anywhere.What are the disadvantages of S3? ›
- Operations on directories are potentially slow and non-atomic.
- Not all file operations are supported. ...
- Data is not visible in the object store until the entire output stream has been written.
- Amazon S3 is eventually consistent.
Advantages of Adopting Amazon S3
Amazon S3 allows admins to scale storage services dynamically according to demand. Amazon S3 is designed for higher data durability, as it automatically creates and stores copies of all S3 objects across multiple systems if that feature is enabled.
Many customers use Amazon S3 to store enterprise application data, as well as to store cloud native application production data. With Amazon S3, you can upload any amount of data and access it anywhere in order to deploy applications faster and reach more end users.Is S3 to EC2 free? ›
The main benefit of having S3 and EC2 in the same region is the performance and lower transfer cost. Data transfer is free between EC2 and S3 in the same region.What does EC2 stand for? ›
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web-based service that allows businesses to run application programs in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud.Can I run an EC2 instance for free? ›
Yes. A customer with access to the AWS Free Tier can use up to 750 instance hours each of t2. micro instances running Linux and Windows. Usage of the Linux and Windows t2.What is the lowest cost AWS instance type? ›
With On-Demand Instance prices starting at $0.0058 per hour, T2 instances are one of the lowest-cost Amazon EC2 instance options and are ideal for a variety of general-purpose applications like micro-services, low-latency interactive applications, small and medium databases, virtual desktops, development, build and ...How to make EC2 cheaper? ›
- Change to “T” family instances. ...
- Change to “A” family instances. ...
- Use other instance families. ...
- Change Region. ...
- Change the Operating System. ...
- Change to a newer instance. ...
- Change instance type based on CPU Usage. ...
- Change instance type based on Memory Usage.
Stopped instances don't incur charges, but Elastic IP addresses or EBS volumes attached to those instances do. To disassociate an Elastic IP address from an instance, see Disassociate an Elastic IP address.What is the most cost effective instance purchasing options? ›
On-demand instances are a cost-effective option because they are well-suited for workloads that are unpredictable or that do not require a long-term commitment, and they give you the flexibility to increase or decrease your usage as needed.Is AWS EC2 cheaper than Azure? ›
The cost of running Windows instances on AWS can be up to 5X more expensive than using your existing Windows SQL Server and SQL licenses with Azure. The reason is that you have to purchase Windows licenses separately when using AWS.What is the benefit of Amazon EC2 On-Demand pricing? ›
On-Demand Instances let you pay for compute capacity by the hour or second (minimum of 60 seconds) with no long-term commitments. This frees you from the costs and complexities of planning, purchasing, and maintaining hardware and transforms what are commonly large fixed costs into much smaller variable costs.
That's especially appealing to companies wanting to keep at least some of their data and applications at their own facilities, rather than in the hands of cloud giants, which are at times their competitors—one reason why Walmart has avoided using AWS and has suggested its vendors do the same.Does Disney use AWS? ›
With AWS Glue, Disney built data pipelines that its data engineers, software engineers and platform engineers could use to develop the data products that inform decisions.Does Netflix use Amazon S3? ›
Building on Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) to store and move assets across its systems, along with AWS Local Zones, Netflix can then track assets using object stores and file systems, and dive into namespaces, access control, support for part-level addressability for multipart objects, and lifecycle management.What is the most used language in AWS? ›
Java and Python are the two most commonly used programming languages in Amazon Web Services (AWS). If you're at the beginning of your journey as a cloud professional, you may be wondering what coding experience you'll need to break into the ecosystem.Which AWS service is most difficult? ›
Sysops Associate: The toughest among associate-level exams. Focusses more on deployment and configuration aspects of AWS services.What is the highest package of AWS? ›
AWS salary in India ranges between ₹ 1.9 Lakhs to ₹ 8.8 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹ 4.0 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 123 latest salaries received from AWSs.What is the difference between EC2 and container? ›
EC2, ECS is primarily used to orchestrate Docker containers and EC2 is a computing service that enables applications to run on AWS. ECS resources are scalable, just like EC2. However, ECS scales container clusters on-demand, rather than scaling compute resources like EC2.How is EC2 connected to S3? ›
For your EC2 instance to connect to S3 endpoints, the instance must be one of the following: EC2 instance with a public IP address and a route table entry with the default route pointing to an Internet Gateway. Private EC2 instance with a default route through a NAT gateway.Is S3 attached to EC2? ›
The S3 File Gateway uses the VPC gateway endpoint to connect privately to the S3 service and your S3 bucket mounted to your EC2 instance.Is EC2 a server or virtual machine? ›
An Amazon Web Services (AWS) Virtual Machine (EC2) is a type of service offered by AWS that allows users to rent virtualized computing resources, such as virtual CPUs and memory, by the hour. These resources can be used to run a wide range of applications, including web servers, databases, and big data processing jobs.
Key differences: containers vs. virtual machines. Containers virtualize the operating system so the application can run independently on any platform. Virtual machines go beyond that to virtualize physical machines, so you can use your hardware resources efficiently.Is EC2 a virtual machine or container? ›
EC2 instance is a virtual machine running on a physical host. If you want to run a container, make sure docker is installed on your instance, and run your docker commands. Docker host is your EC2 instance.How do I push files from S3 to EC2? ›
- SSH into the EC2 instance.
- Run aws sts get-caller-identity to confirm that the EC2 instance has the correct role attached and AWS CLI is working properly.
- Run aws s3 <S3_Object_URI> <Local_File_Path> to copy files from S3 bucket to the EC2 instance.
S3 is scalable, like EFS, and has access to multiple EC2 instances.What is the maximum size of S3 bucket? ›
The total volume of data and number of objects you can store in Amazon S3 are unlimited. Individual Amazon S3 objects can range in size from a minimum of 0 bytes to a maximum of 5 TB.How much is S3 transfer to EC2? ›
Data transfer is free between EC2 and S3 in the same region. Downloading files from another AWS region will cost $0.02/GB.Can S3 be cast off with EC2 instances? ›
Can S3 be cast-off with EC2 Instances, If yes specify how? Answer: Yes, it is possible to cast off with EC2 instances by using root approaches which have the backup of native occurrence storage.Is AWS EC2 a container? ›
An Amazon ECS container instance is an Amazon EC2 instance that is running the Amazon ECS container agent and has been registered into an Amazon ECS cluster. When you run tasks with Amazon ECS using the EC2 launch type or an Auto Scaling group capacity provider, your tasks are placed on your active container instances.What is Amazon EC2 used for? ›
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web service that provides secure, resizable compute capacity in the cloud. It is designed to make web-scale cloud computing easier for developers. Amazon EC2's simple web service interface allows you to obtain and configure capacity with minimal friction.Can S3 be used as database? ›
AWS S3 is a key-value store, one of the major categories of NoSQL databases used for accumulating voluminous, mutating, unstructured, or semistructured data.